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About Indianapolis for Indianapolis, Indiana and Area

When you want to know Indianapolis, Indiana

Overview of Indianapolis, Indiana, United States

Indianapolis is the largest city in the state of Indiana and the 13th largest city in the US. It has an estimated population of approximately 795,458. Indiana is the county seat of Marion County and is located in the central part of the state. The state motto is "The Crossroads of America." Indianapolis received its name from Judge Jeremiah Sullivan who combined the state name Indiana and the Greek word polis, meaning city, thus giving it the name Indiana City. It is an ethnically diverse American city, and home to many immigrants. Indianapolis is situated in the Central Till Plains region of the United States and has a humid continental climate. It is one of the lucky American cities fortunate enough to experience all four distinct seasons. The city has a plethora of post secondary institutions specializing in providing quality education, and is home to many festivals and annual events. Every year, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway hosts two major races in the city, the Indianapolis 500 and the Allstate 400, at the Brickyard. The city is known worldwide for these events, earning Indianapolis the title of Racing Capital of the World.

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  • Population: 795,458
  • Population Density: 2,152/mi²
  • Area: 361/mi²
  • Latitude: 39.7683
  • Longitude: ,-86.1582
  • Weather: See Forecast
  • Elevation: 715 ft
  • Time Zone: EST
  • Language: English
  • Edit these Statistics

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History of Indianapolis, Indiana

Founded in 1820, Indianapolis was chosen as the site for the state's capital by the Indiana General Assembly. Before serving as Indiana's capital city, Indianapolis was a swampy area named Fall Creek Settlement; its first inhabitants were fur traders. The city received its name, Indianapolis, from an Indiana Supreme Court Judge named Jeremiah Sullivan. Sullivan created the name by joining the state name of Indiana with the Greek term "polis," meaning city. Literally the name Indianapolis means Indiana City. Indiana City sits on the original east-west National Road. On October 1 1847, the first railroad serving Indianapolis began operation, making expansive growth possible. Indianapolis was home to the first Union Station, or common rail passenger terminal, in the entire United States. With a strong focus on transportation development by the start of the 20th century Indianapolis had become a large automobile manufacturer. With a focus on urban development and transportation, Indiana had developed a great number of roads leading into and out of the city in all directions. Thus, the city served as a large hub for regional transportation connecting people to various other American cities, such as: Chicago, Louisville, Cincinnati, Columbus, Detroit, Cleveland and St. Louis. This no doubt positively contributed to the state whose motto is "The Crossroads of America."

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Indianapolis's Demographics

The United States Census estimates the city's population at 795,458. The Indianapolis Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had a population of 1.66 million people as of 2006, ranking 33rd in the United States. Indianapolis was the 7th largest MSA in the Midwest at that time. The numbers from the 2000 Census show Indianapolis as having: 791,926 people, 320,107 households, and 192,704 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,163.0 people per square mile. Recently, Indianapolis' racial makeup was 69.1% white, 25.50% black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.04% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 3.92% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Indianapolis' largest ancestries include: German (16.6%), Irish (10.2%), American (9.3%), English(7.7%), and Italian (2.2%), as the top five. The majority of the non-white population lives in the central and north portions of the inner-city area. Indianapolis has over 6000 immigrants from the former Yugoslavia.

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Indianapolis's Climate

Indianapolis is situated in the Central Till Plains region of the United States, with two natural waterways, the White River and Fall Creek, running through the city. Indianapolis has a humid continental climate. It is fortunate to have four distinct seasons, like most Midwest cities. Typically, summers are hot and humid, with temperatures close to 90 °F (32 °C), some days exceed 100 °F (38 °C). Spring and autumn are pleasant, with temperatures sitting around 65 °F (18 °C). Winters are generally cold, with daily highs just above freezing. Temperatures occasionally fall below 0 °F (-18 °C). The rainiest months are found in the spring and summer, these months have average rainfalls of over four inches (102 mm) per month, however, averages fluctuate only slightly throughout the year. Overall, the city's average annual precipitation is 41 inches (1,040 mm).

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Education in Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis is home to eleven public school districts, each of which provides primary, secondary, and adult education services. In addition, Indianapolis has ten post secondary institutions. They are, Brown Mackie College, which is new to the area. Butler University, a private institution with 4,400 students enrolled. Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), whose student body is currently just under 30,000, and is the third-largest institute of higher learning in the state of Indiana. The state is also home to Indiana Wesleyan University and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana. Close by is Marian College, a private Catholic school and with enrollment at approximately 1,800 students. Other post secondary schools include, Martin University, Oakland City University (Indianapolis), The Art Institute of Indianapolis, and lastly the University of Indianapolis. The University of Indianapolis is a private school affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Founded in 1902 as Indiana Central University, the school currently hosts almost 4,300 students.

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Transportation around Indianapolis, Indiana

Indiana is a growing metropolis with numerous transportation options available to its residents and visitors. The city has one airport, Indianapolis International Airport, which is the largest airport in Indiana and serves the Indianapolis Metropolitan Area. Indiana has a long history of transportation and thus has very well developed Interstate highways. Several interstates serve the Indianapolis area. Running northwest to Chicago, Illinois and South towards Louisville, Kentucky, is Interstate 65. Interstate 69 runs northeast to Fort Wayne, Indiana, and ends at I-465 in Fort Wayne . Interstate 70 trails old National Road, running east to Columbus, Ohio and west to St. Louis, Missouri. Also, Interstate 74 travels northeast towards Danville, Illinois, and moves southeast towards Cincinnati, Ohio. Lastly, Interstate 465 circles Marion County and joins the all the previously mentioned highways together. Public transportation for the city is provided by the Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation, locally nicknamed "IndyGo." For Commuters, Central Indiana Commuter Services (CICS), funded by IndyGo, provides transportation and serves to reduce pollution. Indiana is also home to a national passenger rail system, called Amtrak. Amtrak operates from Indianapolis Union Station, and provides service thrice-weekly via the Cardinal Line to Chicago, New York City, and Washington, D.C. and the daily via the Hoosier State Line to Chicago. Greyhound Lines also operates a terminal from Indianapolis Union Station downtown. The terminal is open 24 hours daily, 365 days a year.

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Tourism and Attractions of Indianapolis

Indianapolis has many attractions from monuments to museums and zoo's. However, the city is without a doubt best known for the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (IMS), which is located in Speedway, Indiana. The IMS is the site of the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, better known as the Indy 500. The Indy 500 is an open-wheel automobile race held each Memorial Day weekend on a 2.5 mile (4 km) oval track. The Indy 500 is the largest single-day sporting event in the world! Through the Indy, Indianapolis holds more than 257,000 permanent seats. Locals and enthusiasts often refer to the track as the Brickyard, as it was paved with 3.2 million bricks shortly after its construction in 1909. Present day, the track is paved in asphalt although sections of bricks remain at both the start and finish lines. IMS also hosts the NASCAR Allstate 400 at the Brickyard. The first running of the Brickyard 400 was in 1994, and currently holds the records for NASCAR's highest attended event. During the years of 2000 to 2007, IMS was host of the Formula One United States Grand Prix (USGP).

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Surrounding Communities

  • Indianapolis
  • Avon
  • Bargersville
  • Beechgrove
  • Boggstown
  • Brownsburg
  • Cumberland
  • Five Points
  • Gem
  • Greenwood
  • Lawrence
  • London
  • Maplewood
  • McCordsville
  • Mooresville
  • Mount Comfort
  • New Palistine
  • New Whiteland
  • Philapelphia
  • Pittsboro
  • Plainfield
  • Pleasant View
  • Rocklane
  • Smith Valley
  • Southport
  • Speedway
  • Spring Lake
  • Stones Crossing
  • Tilden
  • Waverly
  • Whiteland
  • Woodbury

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Geography of Indianapolis, Indiana

The United States Census Bureau, states that Indianapolis has a total area of 368.2 square miles (953.5 km²), with 361.5 square miles (936.2 km²) being land and 6.7 square miles (17.3 km²) being water. Water encompasses 1.81% of the area. At the core of Indianapolis lies One-Mile Square, which is enclosed by four streets named: East, West, North, and South. Almost all of the streets in the Mile Square are named after other U.S. states. Indianapolis is located in the Central Till Plains region of the United States. Two natural waterways run through the city: the White River, and Fall Creek. Indianapolis' physical geography is very similar to other Midwestern cities. Prior to the 19th century it the land was primarily a mix of deciduous forests and prairie. Land within the city limits varies from flat to gently sloping. Many of the changes in elevation are so gradual that they go unnoticed, and appear to be flat from close distances. Indianapolis' mean elevation is 717 feet (219 m). The highest point in the city can be found at Crown Hill Cemetery, which is located on Strawberry Hill, with an elevation of 842 feet (257 m). The lowest point in Indianapolis can be found at the Marion County/Johnson County line, where elevation is about 680 feet (207 m). Variations in elevation from 700-900 feet occur throughout the city.

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Indianapolis's Government

In Indianapolis the executive branch of government is headed by an elected mayor. The present mayor serves as the chief executive of both the city and Marion County. The current Mayor of Indianapolis is Republican Greg Ballard. The mayor is responsible for appointing city department heads and members of boards and commissions. The City-County Council reigns as the legislative body for both the city of Indianapolis and Marion County. The council is made up of 29 members, 25 of whom represent districts, with the four remaining positions being elected. As of 2008, Republicans hold a 16-13 majority. The council is responsible for passing ordinances for the city and county, and also makes appointments to certain boards and commissions.

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Indianapolis's Economy and Industry

Indianapolis has a wide range of industry. It is the international headquarters of many corporations, including the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly and Company, and wireless distribution & logistics provider Brightpoint. Indianapolis is also the U.S. headquarters of Roche Diagnostics, Thomson SA, Conseco, First Internet Bank of Indiana, Peerless Pump Company, CP Morgan and Dow AgroSciences. Other major Indianapolis area employers include Clarian Health, Sallie Mae, Cook Group, Rolls Royce, Delta Faucet Company and General Motors. Indianapolis has also developed into a major logistics center. The city is home to a FedEx hub and many major distribution centers for companies like Amazon.com. Indianapolis is also well known for is housing and real estate market. The National Association of Home Builders and Wells Fargo recently ranked Indianapolis the most affordable major housing market in the U.S. and Forbes magazine ranked Indianapolis as the sixth-best city for jobs.

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Indianapolis's Culture and Significant Events

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Sports in Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis has earned the titles, Amateur Sports Capital of the World, and Racing Capital of the World, over the years. However, Indianapolis has a wide range of sporting events to choose from. Indianapolis is the home of the NFL's Indianapolis Colts, the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and the WNBA's Indiana Fever. Indianapolis is proud to be the headquarters of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), the main governing body for U.S. collegiate sports. Indianapolis is also home to the national offices of USA Gymnastics, USA Diving, US Synchronized Swimming, and USA Track & Field. Several times Indianapolis has had the privilege of hosting the Men's and Women's NCAA Final Fours (the semifinals and final of the NCAA basketball tournament). As of 2006 the NCAA is scheduled to hold the Women's Final Four in Indianapolis at least once every five years. Indianapolis also hosts the Indianapolis Tennis Championships, one of many tournaments which are part of the US Open series. Every year, IMS hosts two major races in the city, the Indianapolis 500 and the Allstate 400, at the Brickyard. In 2008, the MotoGP Motorcycle series hosted a weekend at the speedway for the Red Bull Indianapolis Grand Prix. Indianapolis was happily awarded the rights to host Super Bowl XLVI on May 20, 2008. Indianapolis is known for hosting the Pan American Games in 1987 and the 2002 World Basketball Championships.

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Media of Indianapolis

Indianapolis has many forms of local, regional and national media . In 2008, Indianapolis was ranked as the 26th largest media market. Indianapolis' daily newspaper is The Indianapolis Star , which has the most subscriptions in the city. The star is owned by Gannett, which also publishes a weekly newspaper called The Topics that focuses on local and community-related news for northern Indianapolis and the surrounding suburbs. Indianapolis has many other publications for various groups that inhabit the city. For example, Nuvo Newsweekly, Indy.com (A Gannett Publication), Indy Men's Magazine, Indianapolis Women's Magazine, and Indianapolis Monthly are local publications concentrating on arts, entertainment, nightlife and lifestyles. There are also publications for specific cultures, some of which are written in other languages, like The Indianapolis Recorder, a weekly publication which serves the African-American community, and La Voz De Indiana, a bilingual newspaper focused on Latin-American issues. For business savvy people, the Indianapolis Business Journal and Inside Indiana Business are great publications offering business news for the greater Indianapolis region. Indianapolis is served by 25 major local broadcast Television stations, and has extensive radio stations serving both FM and AM frequencies. All Radio and Television broadcasts in Indianapolis are governed by the FCC.

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